A composition rule can be seen as guidelines exist that we can use to improve our images. The most commonly known ones have been formulated over the centuries by artists working in a variety of visual mediums, from architecture to painting and photography
The first composition rule I researched was the rule of thirds. Which is the concept of positioning the most important elements of your image on imaginary guidelines made up of 2 horizontal lines and verticals lines and dividing your image into 9 equal parts.for example if you had an image with scenery and 1 single light house the rules of thirds would dictate that you should position the lighthouse on the line or where they intersect. As shown below in the image.
This rule is useful as it creates a very aesthetically pleasing composition to your eyes this is because the rule of thirds says that if you image is in the middle it is considered static. Your eyes will be drawn to it but then will have nowhere to go from there because the object is generally equal from both sides while if it follow the rule of thirds and the object Is closer to the edges it forces your eye to follow it, to find it. This allows the viewer to linger on your image longer. It supposedly makes for a more captivating photo because it’s almost interactive.
Another rule is to understand and be able to use frames as it can have various uses when it comes to compositions. This is because they can isolate your subject, drawing your eye directly to the subject, you can also hide unwanted items behind the frame, give an image depth and help create context. Your frame can be anything from man-made object such as bridges, arches and fences, natural things like tree branches, tree trunks or even human such as arms clasped around a face.
To the left from here is an image of the Taj Mahal but the photographer decided to use a frames. This emphasises what he wants our eyes to focus on which is solely on the Taj Mahal and forces the eye to focus on the building nothing else since there is no other distractions and as we zoom out we see how these wall act as a frame so that this happens.
The third rule i decided to look at was understanding the use of white space or negative space when it comes to photography and posters. Negative space is the area which surrounds the main subject in your photo. this is used as it allows you to emphasise the main subject of a photo, drawing your eye to it. It provides “breathing room”, giving your eyes somewhere to rest and preventing your image from appearing too cluttered with “stuff” this All of this adds up to a more engaging composition. On the right is an example of negative space being used in photography the photographer decided to blur the background (leave etc) to add more focus on the high definition insect and all its details without straining our eyes because of a over complicated or detailed background. if he had not done this it would make it harder to ‘focus on the tree when there is a whole forest surrounded it’.